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  • Howard Zinn’s Recommended Reading List for Activists Who Want to Change the World
    by Colin Marshall on February 15, 2022 at 12:00 pm

    Image by via Wikimedia Commons Back in college, I spotted A People's History of the United States in the bags and on the bookshelves of many a fellow undergraduate. By that time, Howard Zinn's alternative telling of the American story had been popular reading material for a couple of decades, just as it presumably remains a couple more decades on. Even now, a dozen years after Zinn's death, his ideas about how to approach U.S. history through non-standard points of view remain widely influential. Just last month, Radical Reads featured the reading list he originally drew up for the Socialist Worker, pitched at "activists interested in making their own history." Zinn's recommendations naturally include the work of other historians, from Gary Nash's Red, White and Black: The Peoples of Early America ("a pioneering work of 'multiculturalism' dealing with racial interactions in the colonial period") to Vincent Harding's There Is a River: The Black Struggle for Freedom in America (an "excellent start on Black history") to Samuel Yellen's American Labor Struggles (which "brings to life the great labor conflicts of American history"). [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] His suggested books cover not just the 20th century but eras like the Civil War, and even, extensively, the time of Christopher Columbus. For those who take their analyses of the past in comically illustrated form, Zinn also highlights Larry Gonick's The Cartoon History of the United States as "funny and remarkably rich in its content." Certain Zinn picks stand out as being of special interest to Open Culture readers. These include Noam Chomsky's Year 501, in which "the nation's most distinguished intellectual rebel gives us huge amounts of information about recent American foreign policy"; Richard Hofstadter's The American Political Tradition, with its "iconoclastic view of American political leaders, including Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln, Wilson and the two Roosevelts, suggesting more consensus than difference at the top of the political hierarchy"; and W.E.B. DuBois' Black Reconstruction, "a direct counter to the traditional racist accounts of Reconstruction, presenting the narrative from the Black point of view." Zinn also praises The Sixties, "a vivid history, well-written, thoughtful, by one of the activists of that era": Todd Gitlin, who died earlier this month. Despite its understandable inclination toward nonfiction, Zinn's list also has room for several classic American novels like John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, Richard Wright's Black Boy, and Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God. You may remember some of these books from your own high-school and university days, but whatever you got out of them back then, you'll experience them more richly by revisiting them now, deeper into your own intellectual journey. As Zinn's own life and work demonstrated, you can always find more angles from which to view the political, social, and cultural history of your county — the farther removed from those you were shown in school, the better. via Radical Reads Related content: Matt Damon Reads Howard Zinn’s “The Problem is Civil Obedience,” a Call for Americans to Take Action African-American History: Modern Freedom Struggle (A Free Course from Stanford) Howard Zinn’s “What the Classroom Didn’t Teach Me About the American Empire”: An Illustrated Video Narrated by Viggo Mortensen American Literature, From the Beginnings to the Civil War: A Free Online Course from NYU Noam Chomsky Defines What It Means to Be a Truly Educated Person Adorn Your Garden with Howard the Zinn Monk Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and culture. His projects include the Substack newsletter Books on Cities, the book The Stateless City: a Walk through 21st-Century Los Angeles and the video series The City in Cinema. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

  • Google App Uses Machine Learning to Discover Your Pet’s Look Alike in 10,000 Classic Works of Art
    by Ayun Halliday on February 15, 2022 at 9:00 am

    Does your cat fancy herself a 21st-century incarnation of Bastet, the Egyptian Goddess of the Rising Sun, protector of the household, aka The Lady of Slaughter? If so, you should definitely permit her to download the Google Arts & Culture app on your phone to take a selfie using the Pet Portraits feature. Remember all the fun you had back in 2018 when the Art Selfie feature mistook you for William II, Prince of Orange or the woman in "Jacob Cornelisz. van Oostsanen Painting a Portrait of His Wife"? [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] Surely your pet will be just as excited to let a machine-learning algorithm trawl tens of thousands of artworks from Google Arts & Culture’s partnering museums’ collections, looking for doppelgängers. Or maybe it'll just view it as one more example of human folly, if a far lesser evil than our predilection for pet costumes. Should your pet wish to know more about the artworks it resembles, you can tap the results to explore them in depth. Dogs, fish, birds, reptiles, horses, and rabbits can play along too, though anyone hailing from the rodent family will find themselves shut out. Mashable reports that “uploading a stock image of a mouse returned drawings of wolves.” We can't blame your pet snake for fuming. Ditto your Vietnamese Pot-bellied pig. Though your pet ferret probably doesn’t need an app (or a crystal ball) to know what its result would be. Better than an ermine collar, anyway… If your pet is game and falls within Pet Portraits approved species parameters, here are the steps to follow: Launch the Google Arts & Culture app and select the Camera button. Scroll to the Pet Portraits option. Have your pet take a selfie. (Or alternatively, upload a saved image.) Give the app a few seconds (or minutes) to return multiple results with similarity percentages. Download the Google Arts & Culture app here. - Ayun Halliday is the Chief Primatologist of the East Village Inky zine and author, most recently, of Creative, Not Famous: The Small Potato Manifesto.  Follow her @AyunHalliday. Related Content: Google’s Free App Analyzes Your Selfie and Then Finds Your Doppelganger in Museum Portraits Construct Your Own Bayeux Tapestry with This Free Online App A Gallery of 1,800 Gigapixel Images of Classic Paintings: See Vermeer’s Girl with the Pearl Earring, Van Gogh’s Starry Night & Other Masterpieces in Close Detail

  • Ivan Reitman’s First Film “Orientation” (1968)
    by OC on February 15, 2022 at 1:58 am

    httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6U2JbefTzCM Last night, we sadly learned of the passing of Ivan Reitman, director of many beloved comedies--Meatballs (1979), Stripes (1981), Ghostbusters (1984), and beyond. Born in Czechoslovakia in 1946--his mother an Auschwitz survivor and his father an underground resistance fighter--Reitman moved to Canada as a young child, where he eventually attended McMaster University. And there he "produced and directed Orientation [in 1968], the most successful student film ever made in Canada," writes Macleans. "Produced at a cost of $1,800 while Reitman was president of the McMaster University Film Board, Orientation — the story of a freshman during his first week at university — was acquired by Twentieth CenturyFox of Canada as a “featurette” to accompany John And Mary in first-run engagements across the country." "It earned $15,000 in rentals and continues to be in demand..." You can watch it above, or on McMaster's website. For anyone interested in hearing Reitman discuss his development as a filmmaker, we'd recommend listening to his 2014 interview with Marc Maron. Related Content  Watch 3,000+ Films Free Online from the National Film Board of Canada Listen to Bill Murray Lead a Guided Meditation on How It Feels to Be Bill Murray Bill Murray Explains How a 19th-Century Painting Saved His Life  

  • The First Illustrated Edition of James Joyce’s Ulysses Gets Published, Featuring the Work of Spanish Artist Eduardo Arroyo
    by Colin Marshall on February 14, 2022 at 4:35 pm

    This year will see the long-delayed publication of a version of Ulysses that Joyce didn't want you to read — not James Joyce, mind you, but the author's grandson Stephen Joyce. Up until his death in 2020, Stephen Joyce opposed the publication of his grandfather's best-known book in an illustrated edition. But he only retained the power actually to prevent it until Ulysses' 2012 entry into the public domain, which made the work freely usable to everyone who wanted to. In this case, "everyone" includes such notables as neo-figurative artist Eduardo Arroyo, described by the New York Times' Raphael Minder as "as one of the greatest Spanish painters of his generation." At the time of Ulysses' copyright expiration, Arroyo had long since finished his own set of more than 300 illustrations for Joyce's celebrated and famously intimidating novel. Arroyo noted in a 1991 essay, writes Minder, that "imagining the illustrations kept him alive when he was hospitalized in the late 1980s for peritonitis, an inflammation of the abdominal lining." [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] The initial hope was for an Arroyo-illustrated edition to mark the 50th anniversary of Joyce's death in 1991, but without the permission of the author's estate, the project had to be put on hold for a couple of decades. When that time came, it was taken up again by two publishers, Barcelona's Galaxia Gutenberg and New York's Other Press. "Some of Arroyo’s black-and-white illustrations are printed in the margins of the book’s pages, while others are double-page paintings whose vivid colors are reminiscent of the Pop Art that inspired him." His drawings, watercolors and collages include "eclectic images of shoes and hats, bulls and bats, as well as some sexually explicit representations of scenes that drew the wrath of censors a century ago." For Ulysses' "710 pages of inner monologue and dialogue, stream of consciousness, blank verse, Greek classics, and the venues and byways of Dublin, 1904," as the Los Angeles Times' Jordan Riefe puts it, are as well known for their formidable complexity as it is for the power they once had to scandalize polite society. Arroyo, who died in 2018, stayed faithful to Ulysses' content. ("Of course there are graphic nudes," Riefe adds, "especially in later chapters.") He also succeeded in completing an arduous project that the most notable artists of Joyce's day refused even to attempt. "Joyce himself had asked Picasso and Matisse to illustrate it," writes Galaxia Gutenberg's Joan Tarrida, "but neither took on the task. Matisse preferred to illustrate The Odyssey," Ulysses' own structural inspiration, "which deeply offended Joyce." What Joyce would make of Arroyo's vital and multifarious illustrations, more of which you can sample at Literary Hub, is any scholar's guess — but then, didn't he say something about wanting to keep the scholars guessing for centuries? You can now purchase a copy of Ulysses: An Illustrated Edition. Related content: Henri Matisse Illustrates James Joyce’s Ulysses (1935) Read Ulysses Seen, A Graphic Novel Adaptation of James Joyce’s Classic Henri Matisse Illustrates Baudelaire’s Censored Poetry Collection, Les Fleurs du Mal Read the Original Serialized Edition of James Joyce’s Ulysses (1918) Every Word of Joyce’s Ulysses Printed on a Single Poster Why Should You Read James Joyce’s Ulysses?: A New TED-ED Animation Makes the Case Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and culture. His projects include the Substack newsletter Books on Cities, the book The Stateless City: a Walk through 21st-Century Los Angeles and the video series The City in Cinema. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

  • How the Riot Grrrl Movement Created a Revolution in Rock & Punk
    by Ted Mills on February 14, 2022 at 3:00 pm

    httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tAbhaguKARw The Riot Grrrl movement feels like one of the last real revolutions in rock and punk, and not just because of its feminist, anti-capitalist politics. As Polyphonic outlines in his short music history video, Riot Grrrl was one of the last times anything major happened in rock music before the internet. And it’s especially thrilling because it all started with *zines*. Women in the punk scene had a right to complain. Bands and their fans were very male, and sexual harassment was chronic at shows, leaving most women standing at the back of the crowd. Some zines even spelled it out: “Punks Are Not Girls,” says one. [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] Alienated from the scene but still fans at heart, Tobi Vail and Kathleen Hanna, already producing their own feminist zines, joined forces to release “Bikini Kill” a gathering of lyrics, essays, confessionals, appropriated quotes, plugs for Vail’s other zine "Jigsaw", and a sense that something was happening. Something was changing in rock culture. Kim Deal of the Pixies and Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth were heroes, Poly Styrene of X-Ray Spex was a legend, and Yoko Ono “paved the way in more ways than one for us angry grrl rockers.” Another zine, “Girl Germs,” was created by Allison Wolfe and Molly Neuman. httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZxxhxjgnC0 Bikini Kill the zine led to Bikini Kill the band in 1990, and their song “Rebel Girl” became an anthem of a new feminist rock movement focused mainly in the Pacific Northwest, around the same time as grunge. Wolfe and Neuman, joined by Erin Smith, formed Bratmobile in 1991. K Records founder Calvin Johnson had asked them to play support for Bikini Kill, and out of necessity—Wolfe first admitted they were a “fake band”—they grabbed rehearsal space and became a “real” band on the spot. "Something in me clicked,” Wolfe said. “Like, okay, if most boy punk rock bands just listen to the Ramones and that's how they write their songs, then we'll do the opposite and I won't listen to any Ramones and that way we'll sound different.” The burgeoning scene needed a manifesto, and it got one in “Bikini Kill” issue #2. The Riot Grrrl Manifesto staked out a space that was against “racism, able-bodieism, ageism, speciesism, classism, thinism, sexism, anti-semitism and heterosexism” as well as “capitalism in all its forms.” It ends with: “BECAUSE I believe with my wholeheartmindbody that girls constitute a revolutionary soul force that can, and will change the world for real.” The manifesto (and the very healthy Pacific Northwest live scene) spawned a movement, even bringing with it bands that had been around previously, like L7. Riot Grrrl set out to elevate women’s voices and music, without capitulating to male standards, and return to the DIY and collective energy of the early punk scene. It also brought feminist theory out of the colleges and onto the stage, and with it queer theory and dialog about trauma, rape, and abuse—everything mainstream culture would rather not talk about. Like the original punk scene in the 1970s, it burned brightly and flamed out. But it inspired generations of bands, from Sleater-Kinney to White Lung, as well as non-rock music like the Electroclash movement. Read a zine from the time, or listen to the lyrics of Riot Grrrl bands and you will hear the same discourse, and recognize the same tactics, as today. In some ways it feels even more radical now-—that humble, photocopied zines could affect a whole scene and not be atomized by social media. To delve deeper, check out the New York Times' Riot Grrl Essential Listening Guide. Related Content: All 80 Issues of the Influential Zine Punk Planet Are Now Online & Ready for Download at the Internet Archive Download 834 Radical Zines From a Revolutionary Online Archive: Globalization, Punk Music, the Industrial Prison Complex & More How Nirvana’s Iconic “Smells Like Teen Spirit” Came to Be: An Animated Video Narrated by T-Bone Burnett Tells the True Story 33 Songs That Document the History of Feminist Punk (1975-2015): A Playlist Curated by Pitchfork Ted Mills is a freelance writer on the arts who currently hosts the Notes from the Shed podcast and is the producer of KCRW's Curious Coast. You can also follow him on Twitter at @tedmills, and/or watch his films here.

  • The Great Courses Is Now Running a Big Spring Warehouse Clearance Sale
    by OC on February 13, 2022 at 6:46 pm

    FYI: The Great Courses (formerly The Teaching Company) is running its Spring Warehouse Clearance Sale, offering a steep discount on a good number of its courses. If you’re not familiar with it, the Great Courses provides a very nice service. They travel across the U.S., recording great professors lecturing on great topics that will appeal to any lifelong learner. They then make the courses available to customers in different formats (DVD, Video & Audio Downloads, etc.). The courses are very polished and complete, and they can be quite reasonably priced, especially when they’re on sale, as they are today. Click here to explore the offer. The Spring Warehouse Clearance Sale ends on March 10. Note: The Great Courses is a partner with Open Culture. So if you purchase a course, it benefits not just you and Great Courses. It benefits Open Culture too. So consider it win-win-win.

  • Nietzsche’s 10 Rules for Writing with Style
    by OC on February 11, 2022 at 12:00 pm

    The life of Russian-born poet, novelist, critic, and first female psychologist Lou Andreas-Salomé has provided fodder for both salacious speculation and intellectual drama in film and on the page for the amount of romantic attention she attracted from European intellectuals like philosopher Paul Rée, poet Ranier Maria Rilke, and Friedrich Nietzsche. Emotionally intense Nietzsche became infatuated with Salomé, proposed marriage, and, when she declined, broke off their relationship in abrupt Nietzschean fashion. For her part, Salomé so valued these friendships she made a proposal of her own: that she, Nietzsche and Rée, writes D.A. Barry at 3:AM Magazine, “live together in a celibate household where they might discuss philosophy, literature and art.” The idea scandalized Nietzsche’s sister and his social circle and may have contributed to the “passionate criticism” Salomé’s 1894 biographical study, Friedrich Nietzsche: The Man and His Works, received. The “much maligned” work deserves a reappraisal, Barry argues, as “a psychological portrait.” [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] In Nietzsche, Salomé wrote, we see “sorrowful ailing and triumphal recovery, incandescent intoxication and cool consciousness. One senses here the close entwining of mutual contradictions; one senses the overflowing and voluntary plunge of over-stimulated and tensed energies into chaos, darkness and terror, and then an ascending urge toward the light and most tender moments.” We might see this passage as charged by the remembrance of a friend, with whom she once “climbed Monte Sacro,” she claimed, in 1882, “where he told her of the concept of the Eternal Recurrence ‘in a quiet voice with all the signs of deepest horror.’” We should also, perhaps primarily, see Salomé’s impressions as an effect of Nietzsche’s turbulent prose, reaching its apotheosis in his experimentally philosophical novel, Thus Spake Zarathustra. As a theorist of the embodiment of ideas, of their inextricable relation to the physical and the social, Nietzsche had some very specific ideas about literary style, which he communicated to Salomé in an 1882 note titled “Toward the Teaching of Style.” Well before writers began issuing “similar sets of commandments,” writes Maria Popova at Brain Pickings, Nietzsche “set down ten stylistic rules of writing,” which you can find, in their original list form, below. 1. Of prime necessity is life: a style should live. 2. Style should be suited to the specific person with whom you wish to communicate. (The law of mutual relation.) 3. First, one must determine precisely “what-and-what do I wish to say and present,” before you may write. Writing must be mimicry. 4. Since the writer lacks many of the speaker’s means, he must in general have for his model a very expressive kind of presentation of necessity, the written copy will appear much paler. 5. The richness of life reveals itself through a richness of gestures. One must learn to feel everything — the length and retarding of sentences, interpunctuations, the choice of words, the pausing, the sequence of arguments — like gestures. 6. Be careful with periods! Only those people who also have long duration of breath while speaking are entitled to periods. With most people, the period is a matter of affectation. 7. Style ought to prove that one believes in an idea; not only that one thinks it but also feels it. 8. The more abstract a truth which one wishes to teach, the more one must first entice the senses. 9. Strategy on the part of the good writer of prose consists of choosing his means for stepping close to poetry but never stepping into it. 10. It is not good manners or clever to deprive one’s reader of the most obvious objections. It is very good manners and very clever to leave it to one’s reader alone to pronounce the ultimate quintessence of our wisdom. As with all such prescriptions, we are free to take or leave these rules as we see fit. But we should not ignore them. While Nietzsche’s perspectivism has been (mis)interpreted as wanton subjectivity, his veneration for antiquity places a high value on formal constraints. His prose, we might say, resides in that tension between Dionysian abandon and Apollonian cool, and his rules address what liberal arts professors once called the Trivium: grammar, rhetoric, and logic: the three supports of moving, expressive, persuasive writing. Salomé was so impressed with these aphoristic rules that she included them in her biography, remarking, “to examine Nietzsche’s style for causes and conditions means far more than examining the mere form in which his ideas are expressed; rather, it means that we can listen to his inner soundings.” Isn’t this what great writing should feel like? Salomé wrote in her study that “Nietzsche not only mastered language but also transcended its inadequacies.” (As Nietzsche himself commented in 1886, notes Hugo Drochon, he needed to invent “a language of my very own.”) Nietzsche’s bold-yet-disciplined writing found a complement in Salomé’s boldly keen analysis. From her we can also perhaps glean another principle: “No matter how calumnious the public attacks on her,” writes Barry, “particularly from [his sister] Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche during the Nazi period in Germany, Salomé did not respond to them.” Note: An earlier version of this post appeared on our site in December 2016. [snippet slug="tagline-1" /] Related Content: The Daily Habits of Highly Productive Philosophers: Nietzsche, Marx & Immanuel Kant Walter Kaufmann’s Classic Lectures on Nietzsche, Kierkegaard and Sartre (1960) Writing Tips by Henry Miller, Elmore Leonard, Margaret Atwood, Neil Gaiman & George Orwell Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness

  • How Insulated Glass Changed Architecture: An Introduction to the Technological Breakthrough That Changed How We Live and How Our Buildings Work
    by Colin Marshall on February 11, 2022 at 9:00 am

    httpv://youtu.be/EGG7sJBBnV0 When we think of a "midcentury modern" home, we think of glass walls. In part, this has to do with the post-World War II decades' promotion of the southern California-style indoor-outdoor suburban lifestyle. But business and culture are downstream of technology, and, in this specific case, the technology known as insulated glass. Its development solved the problem of glass windows that had dogged architecture since at least the second century: they let in light, but even more so cold and heat. Only in the 1930s did a refrigeration engineer figure out how to make windows with not one but two panes of glass and an insulating layer of air between them. Its trade name: Thermopane. First manufactured by the Libbey-Owens-Ford glass company, "Thermopane changed the possibilities for architects," says Vox's Phil Edwards in the video above, "How Insulated Glass Changed Architecture." In it he speaks with architectural historian Thomas Leslie, who says that "by the 1960s, if you're putting a big window into any residential or office building" in all but the most temperate climates, you were using insulated glass "almost by default." [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] Competing glass manufacturers introduced a host of variations on and innovations in not just the technology but the marketing as well: "No home is truly modern without TWINDOW," declared one brand's magazine advertisement. The associated imagery, says Leslie, was "always a sliding glass door looking out onto a very verdant landscape," which promised "a way of connecting your inside world and your outside world" (as well as "being able to see all of your stuff"). But the new possibility of "walls of glass" made for an even more visible change in commercial architecture, being the sine qua non of the smoothly reflective skyscrapers that rise from every American downtown. Today, of course, we can see 80, 900, 100 floors of sheer glass stacked up in cities all over the world, shimmering declarations of membership among the developed nations. Those sliding glass doors, by the same token, once announced an American family's arrival into the prosperous middle class — and now, more than half a century later, still look like the height of modernity. Related content: Why Do People Hate Modern Architecture?: A Video Essay How the Radical Buildings of the Bauhaus Revolutionized Architecture: A Short Introduction The Surprising Reason Why Chinatowns Worldwide Share the Same Aesthetic, and How It All Started with the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Tony Hawk & Architectural Historian Iain Borden Tell the Story of How Skateboarding Found a New Use for Cities & Architecture Why Europe Has So Few Skyscrapers A Glass Floor in a Dublin Grocery Store Lets Shoppers Look Down & Explore Medieval Ruins Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and culture. His projects include the Substack newsletter Books on Cities, the book The Stateless City: a Walk through 21st-Century Los Angeles and the video series The City in Cinema. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

  • That Time When the Mediterranean Sea Dried Up & Disappeared: Animations Show How It Happened
    by Colin Marshall on February 10, 2022 at 12:00 pm

    httpv://youtu.be/HooZ84rpovQ We hear a great deal today about the potential causes of rising sea levels. At a certain point, natural curiosity brings out the opposite question: what causes sea levels to fall? And for that matter, can a body of water so large simply vanish entirely? Such a thing did happen once, according to the PBS Eons video above. The story begins, from our perspective, with the discovery about a decade ago of a giant rabbit — or rather of the bones of a giant rabbit, one "up to six times heavier than your average cottontail" that "almost certainly couldn't hop." This odd, long-gone specimen was dubbed Nuralagus rex: "the rabbit king of Minorca," the modern-day island it ruled from about five million to three million years ago. After living for long periods of time on islands without natural predators, certain species take on unusual proportions. "But how did the normal-size ancestor of Nuralagus make it onto a Mediterranean island in the first place?" The answer is that Minorca wasn't always an island. In fact, "mega-deposits" of salt under the floor of the Mediterranean suggest that, "at one point in history, the Mediterranean Sea must have evaporated." As often in our investigation of the natural world, one strange big question leads to another even stranger and bigger one. Geologists' long and complex project of addressing it has led them to posit a forbidding-sounding event called the Messinian Salinity Crisis, or MSC. [snippet slug="middle_post_ad" /] MSC-explaining theories include a "global cooling event" six million years ago whose creation of glaciers would have reduced the flow of water into the Mediterranean, and "tectonic events" that could have blocked off what we now know as the Strait of Gibraltar. But the cause now best supported by evidence involves a combination of shifts in the Earth's crust and changes in its climate — sixteen full cycles of them. "During periods of decreasing sea level, the position and angle of the Earth changed with respect to the Sun, so there were periods of lower solar energy, and others of higher solar energy, which increased evaporation rates in the Mediterranean. At the same time, an actively folding and uplifting tectonic belt caused water input to decrease." httpv://youtu.be/B5uW7Qg6rXM The MSC seems to have lasted for over 600,000 years. At its driest point, 5.6 million years ago, "external water sources were completely cut off, and most of the water left behind in the Mediterranean basin was evaporating." For sea creatures, the Mediterranean became uninhabitable, but those that lived on dry land had a bit of a field day. These relatively dry conditions "allowed hippos, elephants, and other megafauna from Africa to walk and swim across the Mediterranean," constituting a great migration that would have included the ancestor of Nuralagus rex. But when the sea later filled back up — possibly due to a flood, as animated above — the rabbit king of Minorca learned that, even on a geological timescale, you can't go home again. Related content: Global Warming: A Free Course from UChicago Explains Climate Change A Map Shows What Happens When Our World Gets Four Degrees Warmer: The Colorado River Dries Up, Antarctica Urbanizes, Polynesia Vanishes Why Civilization Collapsed in 1177 BC: Watch Classicist Eric Cline’s Lecture That Has Already Garnered 5.5 Million Views How Humans Domesticated Cats (Twice) Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and culture. His projects include the Substack newsletter Books on Cities, the book The Stateless City: a Walk through 21st-Century Los Angeles and the video series The City in Cinema. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall or on Facebook.

  • Zoo Hires Marvin Gaye Impersonator to Help Endangered Monkeys “Get It On”
    by OC on February 10, 2022 at 9:00 am

    httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXGkMd676jU This past weekend, monkeys residing at a British zoo got a special treat. A Marvin Gaye impersonator performed "Let's Get It On" and "Sexual Healing," all in an effort to help the monkeys, well, "get it on." Located in Stafford, England, the Trentham Monkey Forest saw the performance as a novel way to get their endangered Barbary macaques to produce offspring: Park Director Matt Lovatt said on the zoo's website: "We thought it could be a creative way to encourage our females to show a little affection to males that might not have been so lucky in love." "Females in season mate with several males so paternity among our furry residents is never known. Each birth is vital to the species with Barbary macaques being classed as endangered. Birthing season occurs in late spring/early summer each year, so hopefully Marvin’s done his magic and we can welcome some new babies!" For anyone keeping score, Dave Largie is the singer channeling Marvin. [snippet slug="tagline-1" /] via UPI Related Content  Pianist Plays Beethoven, Bach, Chopin, Ravel & Debussy for Blind Elephants in Thailand Footage of the Last Known Tasmanian Tiger Restored in Color (1933) Two Million Wondrous Nature Illustrations Put Online by The Biodiversity Heritage Library

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